Periodontology

Periodontology is defined as the science that deals with the diseases that occur in the gums and the bones surrounding the tooth roots and the treatment of these diseases. 

Inflammation of the soft tissues of the gums is called gingivitis. However, if the inflammation progresses further and enters the process of spreading to the bone tissue in the lower part, this situation causes bone destruction. In such a case, the name of the disease is called periodontitis. 

Periodontal treatment is mainly done as a part of the full dental treatment package for patients who have their teeth done in Turkey for example if a patients has periodontal disease and travelled for a dental implant treatment in Turkey periodontal treatment is applied prior to installing dental implants.Another example is if a patient decided to have veneers done in Turkey and requires a periodontal treatment prior to installing veneers then this procedure applies to prevent any risk or problems in the future 

Generally, periodontal diseases can be controlled by stopping most of the time. However, the effort of the dentist alone is not enough to stop the disease. The patient should also help the dentist in this process and take care of mouth, teeth and gum care. The important thing in periodontal diseases is to destroy the bacteria in the mouth. Because the main causes of the emergence of diseases are bacteria. 

The rate of bacteria in the mouth of people who do not have adequate oral care is quite high. In a short time, their numbers gradually increase and they begin to cause problems in the mouth. Microorganisms formed by bacteria are called bacterial plaque and they form just above the point where the gums and teeth meet. 

In periodontology treatment, the tartar around the teeth is completely cleaned with the help of ultrasonic devices and special tools. The surfaces of the teeth are polished. In addition, depending on the degree of inflammation, deep cleaning is applied to the pockets and tooth roots under local anesthesia. 

Some patients require antibiotics to support treatment. This condition is often seen in acute gum infections. In addition, mouthwashes containing antibiotics can also be used. 

In advanced cases, surgical procedure may also be required. With general or local anesthesia, first the gums are removed from the tooth surfaces and bone tissue. After this, the inflamed tissues on the surfaces of the roots and bones and in the inner part of the gums are completely cleaned.