Periodontology

Periodontology is the study and treatment of illnesses of the soft tissues that surround and anchor the teeth (periodontal ligament & gums) and the tougher bone structures such as jawbone. The periodontal ligaments, typically shortened as PDL, are a collection of connective tissue fibres that connect the tooth to the alveolar bone. This ligament covers and supplies the teeth, covers the jawbone, and firmly secures the teeth in the jaw. Care for the PDL is equivalent to care for the teeth.

Healthy Gums

  • The gums are pink and possess a solid texture.
  • No gingival bleeding during tooth brushing
  • The space between the teeth and gum is approximately 1 to 1.5 mm

What is a periodontal disease?

Periodontal diseases are inflammatory illnesses that damage the supporting tissues of the gums and teeth. 70% of tooth loss in adults is caused by periodontal disease. When detected early, many disorders can be successfully and quickly treated.

Prevention and treatment of periodontal illnesses result in the preservation of natural teeth, facilitated chewing, and improved digestion.

Gingivitis is the first symptom of periodontal disease. The gums will bleed, become red, and become inflamed over time. If left untreated, this condition may proceed to periodontitis and cause irreparable damage to the alveolar bone that supports the teeth and gums.

Periodontitis is the advanced stage of periodontal disease. Together with other supporting tissues, the alveolar bone has been affected. Localized infection forms a “periodontal pocket” between the tooth and gum. As the illness continues, the tooth becomes loose and may require extraction.

Inadequate treatment of periodontal disorders may result in tooth loss and the development of many systemic diseases. Regular visits to the dentist and the removal of bacterial dental plaque through daily oral care (brushing teeth and using dental floss) are essential for preserving dental health.

The symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  • Gums that bleed while brushing teeth
  • Gums that are red, swollen, and sensitive
  • Gums separating from the teeth effortlessly
  • Inflammation
  • Loose teeth or the development or widening of spaces between teeth
  • Moving of the upper and lower teeth when biting
  • Bad Breath

Causes of Periodontal Diseases

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes
  • Malnutrition and irregular eating habits
  • Medications
  • Excessive Stress
  • Teeth grinding (bruxism)
  • Medical Conditions

Treatment of Periodontal Diseases

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes
  • Malnutrition and irregular eating habits
  • Medications
  • Excessive Stress
  • Teeth grinding (bruxism)
  • Medical Conditions

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